What Is Insomnia
What causes Insomnia – it is a commonly found sleeping disorder usually found in people of young to middle young age. If you find yourself getting up at night or not experiencing sound sleep at night then you can . Ambien is one of the most trusted medicine used to calm down the brain that in return enables smooth sleep.
Insomnia maybe acute if it occurs only once a week but it’s chronic if it occurs three times in a month.
What Are The Types Of Insomnia?
Insomnia has been broadly classified into two types –
- Primary insomnia
- Secondary insomnia
Primary insomnia is a condition where a person has inability to sleep but the reasons are not related to his health.
Secondary insomnia is a situation where a person’s inability to sleep is highly related to his health conditions such as asthma, cancer, heartburn or depression. Secondary insomnia also arises when a person consumes alcohol or pain medication.
What Causes Insomnia?
The reasons for primary insomnia are –
- Stress at work
- Death of loved ones
- Thoughts about past events
- Worrying about the future
- Jet lag
- Change in work shift
The reasons for secondary insomnia are –
- Consumption of alcohol
- Discomfort at night
- Consumption of caffeine
- Consumption of tobacco
- Psychological issues
The risk factors of insomnia are-
- Women are more prone to insomnia as compared to men
- Insomnia effects more older people than younger people
Other risk factors of insomnia include –
- Mental health issues
- Consumption of illegal drugs
- Pregnant women
What Are The Symptoms Of Insomnia?
Insomnia is a very common characteristic and can be determined very easily. If you are someone who faces any of the below mentioned characteristics in themselves then you can .
- Waking up too early
- Nocturnal awakenings
- Feeling sleepy during the day time
- Difficulty in remembering
- Difficulty in focusing
- Difficulty in paying attention
- Difficulty in school
- Difficulty in personal relationships
- Mood disturbance
If you observe these mild symptoms worsening then it’s time to consult your doctor. In addition to the above mentioned list below mentioned are some of the severe conditions. If you face them, you need to immediately consult your doctor –
- If you observe severe snoring
- If you go to sleep without any warning during the day time
- If you face difficulty in sleeping without any reason for a month
- If you stop breathing for a while during sleeping at the night
Diagnosis Of Insomnia
Diagnosis of insomnia for every person is done individually depending upon the condition of the person. Three major steps are followed which are –
- Physical exam
- Sleep habit review
- Sleep study
Physical exam – when the exact reason of insomnia is unknown the doctor will do a physical examination to find the reason for it. Blood test maybe done to find if the patient has thyroid so that proper treatment can be done.
Sleep habit review – after asking various sleep related questions the doctor will ask you to fill a questionnaire and also ask to prepare a sleeping chart to record your sleeping pattern in a day.
Sleep study – in case the reason for insomnia is unknown or there are presence of other symptoms as well such as sleep apnea, restless or leg syndrome then you might as well be asked to stay at sleep center for a few days. There your sleep pattern will be monitored and other symptoms such as duration of sleep, heartbeat, eye movement and body movements will be monitored.
Treatment Of Insomnia
The most is to change your sleeping pattern and look after those indications that causes insomnia such as stress and other symptoms so that one can experience sound sleep.